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Electrochemistry of Lithium Batteries

phone: (+359 2) 979 2756, e-mail:

Research area

The research team of the Department has a long experience in the field of classic aqueous and new lithium electrochemical systems:
- fundamental problems and technologies related to Zn/MnO2, Ni/Cd, Zn/Cd, Zn/C, Ni/MH, reserve battery, Li/Cathode;
- Li/SO2 and Li/MnO2 primary batteries developed for special purpose applications;
- original products of conductive binders (TAB2, TAB3, TAB4), widely used in battery industry;
- synthesis of positive (3, 4 and 5 V) active electrode materials (AEM) with 2D, 3D, spinel or olivine structure via different methods;
- synthesis and characterization of negative AEM as an alternative anode for Li-ion cells, based on MeC*, M1M2Si, etc., hybrid nano composites;
- advanced materials for super capacitors, hybrid structures cell-capacitor;
- preparation and testing of highly efficient pure, modified and hybrid active electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries;
- organic compounds as active materials for new reversible electrochemical systems;
- catalysts for the air electrode for Me - air (Li/O2);
- high efficient AEM offering mid discharge voltage over 4V, silicon based nanocomposites with capacity over 2000 mAh.g-1, organic cathode materials as RGO-AQ;
- AEM for LIB tested in water electrolytes.


  • Branimir Banov, Professor, PhD (head)
  • Anton Momchilov, Professor, PhD
  • Reneta Boukoureshtlieva, Assoc. Prof., PhD
  • Toma Stankulov, Res. Assoc., PhD
  • Simeon Stankov, Res. Assoc., PhD
  • Iliyan Popov, Res. Assoc., PhD
  • Borislava Mladenova, Res. Assoc., PhD
  • Todor Petkov, Res. Assist., PhD
  • Krum Banov, Res. Assist

Projects (2011 - 2021)

  • "Multifunctional applications of graphite-quantum dot composite systems (MULTIGRAPH) - Financing of fundamental scientific research on public challenges, NSF, KP-06-OPR4/2, (2018-2021)
  • "Recycling of phosphorus and production of bio-waste from waste streams", NSF, DNA17/14 (2017-2020), in collaboration with A. Zlatarov University - Burgas
  • "New electrochemical systems based on nanoscaled materials for energy storage and conversion, environment protection and energy efficiency improvement", BAS (2017-2019)
  • "Graphene/metal oxide electrode materials for lithium batteries as energy storage system", in collaboration with  Central Metallurgical Research and Development Institute ", EBR  b/w CMRDI (Egypt) & BAS (2013-2014)
  • "Investigation of organic materials as AEM for electrochemical systems application", in collaboration with Fatih University (Turkey)
  • "Intelligent battery management system for battery monitoring and energy flow optimization” (Battery Managing System), BAS

Active partner in many international R&D and industrial projects with partners as CNR, CNRS, VARTA, IBA, FMC, DMS

Publications (2011 - 2019)

  1. R. Boukoureshtlieva, Y. Milusheva, I. Popov, A. Trifonova, A. Momchilov. Application of pyrolyzed Cobalt (II) tetramethoxyphenyl porphyrin based catalyst in metal-air systems and enzyme electrodes. Electrochimica Acta 353 (2020) 136472.

  2. Banov K., Petkov T., Boukoureshtlieva R., Ivanova D., Fachikov L., V. Kotev, Banov B.. High voltage cathode materials based on lithium cobaltate with nickel and manganese doping. Bulgarian Chemical Communication, 50, Special Issue A, 2018, ISSN:0324-11300, 171-176.
  3. K.Banov, D.Ivanova, L.Fachikov, V.Kotev, T.Stankulov, B.Banov. Lithium Ion Batteries - Active electrode materials based on manganese dioxide. Bulgarian Chemical Communication, 50, 2018, 163-170.
  4. Mladenova B. B., Milusheva Y. D., Karsheva M. I., Hinkov I. D., Stankulov T. E., Borisov G. R., Boukoureshtlieva R. I.. Nano-sized Ag particles as catalyst in gas-diffusion electrodes for ORR. Bulgarian Chemical Communication, 50, Journal of the Chemicals Institutes of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and of the Union of Chemists in Bulgaria, 2018, ISSN:0324-1130, 114-118.
  5. Mladenova Borislava, Diankov Svetlomir, Karsheva Maria, Stankov Simeon, Hinkov Ivaylo. Plant mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles using extracts from Tilia cordata, Matricaria chamomilla, Calendula officinalis and Lavandula angustifolia flowers. Journal of Chemical Tehnology and Metallurgy, 53, 4, 2018, ISSN:1314-7471, 623-630.
  6. Petkov T., Stankulov T., Banov K., Momchilov A.. Electrochemical behaviour of LiMn2O4 and LiCoO2 in water electrolyte. Bulgarian Chemical Communications, 50, Journal of the Chemicals Institutes of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and of the Union of Chemists in Bulgaria, 2018, ISSN:0324-1130, 177-182.
  7. Petkov T., Stankulov T., Banov K., Momchilov A.. The electrochemical behavior of LiV3O8 obtained via different syntheses as negative active material in aqueous Li-ion battery. Bulgarian Chemical Communications, 50, 2018, 183-188.
  8. Shenouda A. Y., Momchilov A., A.. A study on graphene/tin oxide performance as negative electrode compound for lithium battery application. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 2018, DOI: .
  9. Burak Esat,  Sümeyye Bahçeci Sertkol, Anton A Momchilov, Burak M Yılmaz, Murat Sertkol, An Anthraquinone-Functionalized Reduced Graphene Oxide as Electrode Material for Rechargeable Batteries, Carbon, Volume 116, May 2017, Pages 154-166.
  10. T. Stankulov, V. Milanova, I. Markova, I. Denev, T. Petrov, M. Piskin, Synthesis and study of Carbon-based nanocomposites with Co-Sn nanoparticles for electrode materials, Journal of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 50, 3, 2015, 288-298
  11. S.M. Stankov, Momchilov A., Abrahams I, Popov I, Stankulov T, Trifonova A, Synthesis and characterisation of Si and Mg substituted lithium vanadium(III) phosphate, Bulgarian Chemical Communications, Volume 47, Number 2 (pp.587–593) 2015, ISSN: 0324-1130
  12. D. Nicheva, T. Stankulov, D. Blyskova-Koshnicharova, O. Koleva, A. Momchilov, T. Petkova, Synthesis and characterization of novel oxides as active material in lithium ion batteries, Nanoscience Advances in CBRN Agents Detection, Information and Energy Security, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology 2015, pp 511-517 ISSN: 1874-6489
  13. T. Stankulov, V. Milanova, I. Markova, I. Denev, T. Petrov, M. Piskin, Ni-Sn alloy Carbon-containing nanocomposites as alternative anode materials to the graphite electrodes in Li-ion batteries, Rev.Adv.Mater.Sci., 41 (2015) 52-60, ISSN: 1605-8127
  14. S.M. Stankov, I. Abrahams, A. Momchilov, I. Popov, T. Stankulov, A. Trifonova, Effect of Ti-doping on the electrochemical performance of lithium vanadium(III) phosphate”, Ionics, Volume 21, 2015, Issue 6, pp 1501-1508, DOI: 10.1007/s11581-014-1325-7
  15. T. Stankulov, V. Milanova, I. Markova, Composites Based on Intermetallic Nanoparticles for a New Generation of Electrochemical Systems, Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 644, pp. 167-170, 2015, DOI: 10.4028/
  16. H. Vasilchina, B. Velev, G. Ivanova, A. Trifonova, A. Momchilov, B. Banov, High voltage cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries, Journal of Materials Science and Technology, ISSN: 0861-9786 Vol. 22/2014 N:2, pp. 108-118
  17. G. Ivanova, B. Velev, K. Sabev, I. Dimitrov, L. Ljutzkanov, B. Banov, Multifunctional active electrode materials based on iron/carbon composite, Journal of Materials Science and Technology, ISSN: 0861-9786 Vol. 22/2014 N:3, pp.175-182
  18. I. Popov, B. Velev, S. Stankov, H. Rusev, T. Stankulov, Improving Efficiency of Li-Air Battery Cells by using Various Nanoparticles as Catalysts, 13th International Workshops on Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, 2013, Sofia, proceeding, p.XX
  19. R. Boukoureshtlieva, S. Yankova, V. Beschkov, J. Milusheva, G. Naydenova, L. Popova, G. Yotov, S. Hristov, Monitoring of the Phenol biodegradation process with an electrochemical biosensor, Bulgarian Chemical Communications, Volume 45, Special issue A, 2013, 129-134
  20. I. Popov, B. Velev, J. Milusheva, R. Boukoureshtlieva, S. Hristov, T. Stankulov, B. Banov, A. Trifonova, Behaviour of gas-diffusion electrode in various non-aqueous electrolytes for the lithium-air system, Bulgarian Chemical Communications, Volume 45, Special issue A (110 – 115) 2013
  21. J.D. Milusheva, R.I. Boukoureshtlieva, S. M. Hristov, Air gas-diffusion electrodes for operation in magnesium-air cells/NaCl – electrolyte, Bulgarian Chemical Communications, Volume 45, Special issue A, 2013, 140-145
  22. Г. Иванова, Б. Велев, К. Събев, Б. Банов, “Портативни захранващи устройства с подобрена надеждност “, Трета Национална Конференция с Международно Участие ” Металознание, хидро- и аеродинамика, Национална Сигурност”,Сборник Доклади, октомври 2013, поканен пленарен доклад, в пълен текст, стр. 314-318
  23. B. Velev, B. Banov, I. Ivanov, Analysis of management systems of lithium ion battery for EV/HEV, 21st International Scientific and technical conference on transport, road-building, agricultural, hoisting & hauling and military techniques and technologies - Trans & Motauto 13, Varna, 01-02 June 2013, proceedings Vol. 2, lecture, full text, ISSN 1310-3946(2013) pp. 46-50
  24. J, Milusheva, B.Velev, I.Popov, S. Hristov, B.Banov, A. Momchilov, Litium – Air Batteries, Nanoscience & Nanotechnology, 12, 2012, ISSN: 1313-9005 pp 143-147
  25. А.S. Aleksandrova, Stankov, I. Uzunov, S. Uzunova, B. Banov, A. Momchilov, Alternative application of Processed Rice Husks as Carbon Based Material for Li-ion Batteries, Nanoscience & Nanotechnology 12, 2012, ISSN: 1313-900
  26. А.K. Aleksandrova, B. Banov, A. Momchilov, Properties of Vanadium Bronzes synthesized by different methods” in “Nanotechnological Basis for Advaced Sensors, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series – B: Physics and Biophysics, eds. Johann Peter Reithmaier, Perica Paunovic, Wilhelm Kulisch, Ciril Popov, Plamen Petkov, (2011), ISBN 978-94-007-0902-7 pp. 323 – 328,
  27. B. Banov, Vasilchina C.. Environmetally friendly cathode materials for Li-ion batteries, Bulgarian Chemical Communications, 2011, 43 (1), pp. 7-16
  28. R. Boukoureshtlieva, S. Hristov, Y. Milusheva, P. Atanassov, A. Kaisheva, Mediated Enzyme Electrodes, Bulgarian Chemical Communications, Volume 43, Number 1, 81-87, 2011
  29. S. Hristov, R. Boukoureshtlieva, J. Milusheva, Experimental metal hydride-air fuel cell, Bulgarian Chemical Communications, Volume 43, Number 1, 111-114, 2011
  30. Jovka Milusheva, Reneta Boukoureshtlieva, Stoyan Hristov, Environmentally-clean Mg-air electrochemical power sources, Bulgarian Chemical Communications, Volume 43, Number 1, 42-47, 2011